In the largest sexual discrimination lawsuit ever, the Supreme Court sided with retail king Wal-Mart (WMT) on Monday, overturning a ruling that granted class-action status to female employees that had sought billions of dollars.
The unanimous decision, which was written by Justice Antonin Scalia, concerned the ability of 1.5 million female Wal-Mart employees to team up to sue the world’s largest retailer for gender discrimination.
Read more: http://www.foxbusiness.com/industries/2011/06/20/supreme-court-sides-with-wal-mart-in-sex-bias-case/
Is there any downside to discrimination based on sex? I can't think of any. Nature abhors a vacuum, so does economics. If talented women are not reaching their potential at Walmart, wouldn't that give other companies the opportunity to scoop up these talented women? Doesn't this give those talented women the opportunity to open their own business and perhaps compete with Walmart? In the free market, the cream always rises to the top. This principle is easy to see in professional sports. The best athletes in the country play pro ball. The best actors/actresses get to be in the movies and TV. The most interesting authors write the best selling books. Discrimination, like diversity, is neither good nor bad in and of itself. If a restaurant will only serve men, that opens up a market for restaurants the serve women. In a market that is free from government interference, things will work out exactly as they should, but not necessarily equal.
For example, there are almost no female auto mechanics because women don't like, or are not talented, in that field of work. There are few Blacks in the NBA because the most talented basketball players are black. Most nail salons are owned and staffed by Asians because that is what they choose to do. The owners choose to hire their own kind. Most Chinese restaurants are owned and staffed by Chinese because the owners prefer Chines to work for them. Most cabs are driven by Arabs, because that is what they choose to do. This neither right nor wrong, this is exactly as things should be.
The government has no business demanding that private companies can not discriminate. Just as the government has no business forcing private companies to discriminate.